Articles

An offer made to municipalities at the Municipal Waste Conference 2024

9. 3. 2018 - Kateřina Kodadová

The amendment to the Waste Act from 2024 prohibits depositing of mixed municipal waste into landfills. Thus, the said amendment has given the waste originators about ten years to resolve this issue in order to comply with legislation in 2024. What are the options for the municipalities? What help SUEZ Využití zdrojů offers to the municipalities as its customers and partners was presented at the conference by Petra Dryšlová, Sales and Technical Manager.

According to Petra Dryšlová, it is essential that the representatives of municipalities and towns address the waste collection system. In addition to the ban on landfilling mixed municipal waste, there are other reasons to do so. This is, on the one hand, a steady increase in the volume of urban waste, which is estimated to be seventy percent by 2050. Furthermore, according to the EU's Circular Economy Package, the share of recycled urban waste is to reach 65% by 2030. And finally, the crucial reason is how much from the budgets of municipalities will be spent on waste treatment. The World Bank data shows that these urban costs account for 20-50% of their budget, a very significant proportion.

The ecological aspects and the requirements for utilisation of waste in recycling or for energy purposes are increasingly emphasised. Ecological waste disposal is a matter of course in the interest of future generations. Municipalities must also meet the approved waste management plans and all requirements ensuing from the often changing legislation.
Municipalities and cities, therefore, require a solution that combines all of the above-mentioned criteria; combine in a simplified way the ecological and economic aspects of the matter.

What is the baseline situation for the required change?

Quantity of sorted waste is stagnating – The existing waste sorting system needs to be modified.
Problematic quality of sorted waste – Sorted waste is contaminated by mixed waste (particularly plastics).
Motivation for waste sorting – Who wishes to sort, is sorting already – there is requirement for new motivation.
Deficient sorting of "new" commodities – Metals, bio-waste
Half-filled sorted waste and mixed municipal waste containers are collected – Households let the containers to be collected, regardless of its filling.

How to address the change; what is the solution?

The solution is to change the system of collecting the secondary raw materials and mixed municipal waste. Introduction of the "door to door" collection system has already been successful in many municipalities. Record of collected waste up to the level of individual households is clearly motivating. Thanks to the records and overview of the quantity of collected waste, the frequency of MMW collection and payment for the collection is set accordingly. The attending phenomenon of the new approach is to reduce the quantity of MMW. The result of the whole process is sustainability of municipal waste management costs.

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